冯子雅,陈群,党鹏,王进.2022年江苏省非医疗机构放射单位与人员辐射防护调查与分析[J].中华放射医学与防护杂志,2024,44(5):399-403
2022年江苏省非医疗机构放射单位与人员辐射防护调查与分析
Radiation protection survey for radiation occupation categories and workers in non-medical institutions in Jiangsu province in 2022
投稿时间:2023-08-18  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112271-20230818-00051
中文关键词:  江苏省  非医疗机构  辐射防护  调查分析
英文关键词:Jiangsu province  Non medical institutions  Radiation protection  Survey analysis
基金项目:江苏省医学重点学科(ZDXK202249)
作者单位E-mail
冯子雅 江苏省疾病预防控制中心放射防护所, 南京 210009  
陈群 江苏省疾病预防控制中心放射防护所, 南京 210009  
党鹏 江苏省疾病预防控制中心放射防护所, 南京 210009  
王进 江苏省疾病预防控制中心放射防护所, 南京 210009 jinwang@jscdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解江苏省非医疗机构职业放射性疾病的防治现状及发展趋势,掌握全省非医疗机构放射工作单位基本情况、放射性危害因素种类、放射工作人员职业卫生培训健康检查以及工作场所辐射水平等情况。方法 依据中国疾病预防控制中心辐射防护与核安全医学所制定的监测方案,对2022年度江苏省13个设区市和95个县(市、区)非医疗机构放射工作单位基本情况和职业健康管理等情况进行全覆盖的调查。调查主要通过发送调查表或根据其他监管部门相关信息进行交叉对比,同时与以往数据比对核实、现场检测、质量控制抽查等方式获得调查和监测结果,确认后在全国放射卫生信息平台进行数据填报。调查的主要内容包括放射工作人员数、个人剂量监测、培训情况、职业健康检查、个人防护用品等。结果 截至2022年底,江苏省非医疗机构放射工作单位共2 124家,非医疗机构放射工作人员26 478人,25 054人进行了个人剂量监测,监测率94.62%;24 305人近两年参加了放射防护培训,培训率91.79%;25 293人进行了放射工作人员职业健康检查,检查率95.52%;被检测的工作场所辐射水平均满足国家要求。结论 江苏省非医疗机构和放射工作人员数量较大且主要分布于苏南地区,对放射工作人员个人剂量监测、放射防护培训和职业健康检查覆盖率均超过90%,高于全国平均水平,但距离全覆盖仍有一定差距,后续应提高职业病防治监督和管理水平,无盲区监护非医疗机构放射工作人员的健康水平。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore and ascertain the current situation and developmental trend of occupational radiation diseases prevention and control in non-medical institutions in Jiangsu province, including types of radiation hazards, occupational health training and health examinations for radiation workers, and radiation levels in the workplace. Methods In response to the monitoring plan developed by the National Institute for Radiological Protection, China CDC, a comprehensive survey was conducted of the basic situation and occupational health management of radiation occupation categories in 13 prefecture level cities and 95 counties (cities, regions) of non-medical institutions in the province in 2022. The monitoring result were obtained mainly through delivering questionnaires or the relevant information for cross comparing from the relevant regulatory bodies, and meanwhile were compared with previous data, tested on site and checked for quality control ampmt other things. After confirmation, data was filled out on the National Radiological Health Information Platform. The main contents of the survey include the number of radiation workers, personal dose monitoring, training status, occupational health examinations, personal protective equipment, etc. Results By the end of 2022, there was a total of 26 478 radiation workers at 2 124 radiation workpalces in non-medical institutions in Jiangsu province, of which 25 054 radiation workers having received personal dose monitoring. with a monitoring frequency of 94.62%. In recent years, 24 305 radiation workers have participated in radiation protection training, with a training rate of 91.79% and 25 293 ones undergone occupational health examinations, with a examination frequency of 95.52%. The radiation levels monitored in the workplace meet national requirements. Conclusions The number of non-medical institutions and radiation workers in Jiangsu province is relatively large and mainly distributed in the south Jiangsu. The coverage rate of personal dose monitoring, radiation protection training, and occupational health examinations for radiation workers exceeds 90%, higher than the national average. However, there is still a certain gap from full coverage. In the future, the supervision and management level of occupational disease prevention and control should be improved, and the health level of radiation workers in non-medical institutions should be monitored without blind spots.
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